Weather conditions are now very favorable for the development of early grain crops; there are practically no areas on the territory of Ukraine that are threatened by drought. This was reported by the head of the agrometeorological department of the Hydrometeorological Center Tatiana Adamenko to the Interfax-Ukraine agency.
“If we do not take into account local problems like hail or flooding, then the situation is very good, the earth has a wonderful resource of moisture. There are practically no areas threatened by drought, in the last decade it is unusual for Ukraine, ”she said.
The meteorologist clarified that it is too early to assess the impact of weather conditions on grain yields, since their growing season has just begun.
According to Adamenko, a period of intense rains is coming to an end in Ukraine, and on June 17-19, a period of high temperatures will begin in the daytime and at night.
In the southern regions, the ripening of winter barley began, for which the available amount of moisture in the soil may be excessive, but it is too early to talk about a significant influence of this factor on its yield. At the same time, for the development of key export crops throughout Ukraine – corn and sunflower – there is still enough moisture and heat.
Adamenko called the low air temperature the main limiting factor in the development of fruit and vegetable crops. She noted the lack of data on their condition, since these crops are grown mainly in small private farms.
After the end of the period of intense rains this week, an optimal development regime will be established for fruit and vegetable crops.
In March, the Ministry of Economy predicted the grain harvest this year at 75 million tons.
From the beginning of 2020/2021 MY and as of June 11, Ukraine exported 42,940,000 tons of grain and leguminous crops, which is 22.4% less than on the same date of the previous MY. 16,110,000 tons of wheat and 21,970,000 tons of corn were exported.